Every citizen who is eligible to be a voter under the Electoral Roll Act, 2009 shall have the right to obtain, in the prescribed manner and subject to payment of prescribed fees, a National Identity Card of the prescribed class. Each citizen shall be issued with only one National Identity Card by Bangladesh Election Commission. Every citizen shall get his or her identity registered to obtain the National Identity Card.
A person should have the following qualifications to be registered as a voter according to Article 122 of the Constitution of the Peoples Republic of Bangladesh and Section 7 of Electoral Rolls Act 2009:
- Is a citizen of Bangladesh;
- Is not less than eighteen years of age;
- Does not stand declared by a competent court to be a unsound mind; and
- Is or is deemed to a resident of an electoral area.
Data collection and integration take place at two phases. A Data Collection is assigned to 300-400 voter. Data Collection collect voter data and incorporate them into the prescribed Registration Forms. During the household visit, Data collection complete, or assist to complete, the registration forms. After completion of voter registration form, the voters are given a slip to come to the registration centers on the designated day for photographs and data entry. Voters attend the registration centers at the appointed time. Before approaching the data entry operator, the voter is verified by the concerned Data Collection and Local Government representative for correctness.
Data Entry Operator takes photo, fingerprints and uploads voter data into laptop computer. Special arrangement is made to take the photographs and fingerprint of the disabled, sick and aged person at home. At the field registration center, Data Entry teams perform data entry. Thereafter, the teams return to the Server Stations at Upazila and upload data to the server.
Once registration of a location is closed, proof-reading is done which is followed by biometric matching to trace, and terminate, multiple registrations by an individual voter in different locations. Then printing of draft voter list is done and the same is published for the voters to see and lodge their claims and objections for inclusion/deletion/corrections of errors within 15 days. Final list was printed having updated the voter database incorporating the corrections and National Identity Cards are prepared and distributed.
Any qualified person whose name does not appear on voter list may apply in prescribed form to the District Election Officer for inclusion in the list.